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Application Notes

Silver • Group

Primary XPS region: Ag3d
Overlapping regions: N/A
Binding energies of common chemical states:

Chemical state Binding energy Ag3d5/2/eV
Bromyrite (AgBr)


Ag metal


Experimental Information

Interpretation of XPS spectra

crystal structureAbout This Element

Symbol: Ag
Date of Discovery: ancient times
Name Origin: Anglo-Saxon siolfur
Appearance: silver
Discoverer: not known
Obtained From: ores

Melting Point: 1234.93 K
Boiling Point: 2435 K
Density[kg/m3]: 10490
Molar Volume: 10.27 × 10-6 m3/mol
Protons/Electrons: 47
Neutrons: 61
Shell Structure: 2,8,18,18,1
Electron Configuration: [Kr]4d105s1
Oxidation State: 1
Crystal Structure: Cubic Face Centered

Silver’s main use is as a precious metal. Sterling silver, over 90% silver, is used in flatware and jewelry. Silver’s malleability and ductility, physical appearance, and value make it a common material in coinage. Of all metals, silver has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity, but because of silver’s high cost, copper is commonly used in electrical applications. United States coins were minted of silver until after 1964. Silver’s halide salts are widely used in photography. The South American country Argentina, known as a source of silver, takes its name from the Latin word for silver, argentum.

Application Notes

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