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Application Notes

Oxygen • Non-Metals

Primary XPS region: O1s
Overlapping regions: Na KLL, Sb3d, Pd3p, V2p
Binding energies of common chemical states:

Chemical state Binding energy O1s / eV
Metal oxides 529–530
Metal carbonates 531.5–532
Al2O3 (alumina) 531.1
SiO2 532.9
Organic C=O 531.5–532
Organic C-O ~533
O-Fx ~535

Charge referenced to adventitious C1s peak at 284.8eV


Experimental Information

Interpretation of XPS Spectra

General comments


crystal structureAbout This Element

Symbol: O
Date of Discovery: 1774
Name Origin: Greek oxus and gennan
Appearance: colorless
Discoverer: Joseph Priestly/Carl Scheele
Obtained From: liquid air

Melting Point: 54 K
Boiling Point: 90 K
Density[kg/m3]: 1.429
Molar Volume: 17.36 × 10-6 m3/mol
Protons/Electrons: 8
Neutrons: 8
Shell Structure: 2,6
Electron Configuration: [He]2s22p4
Oxidation State: -2,-1
Crystal Structure: monoclinic

Oxygen, the “elixir of life,” was discovered by Joseph Priestly and Carl Wilhem Scheele independently of each other in the 1770’s. Oxygen is critical for life on Earth, produced by plants during photosynthesis and necessary for aerobic respiration in animals. Accounting for one fifth of the earth’s atmosphere, oxygen combines with most elements and is a component of thousands of organic compounds. Oxygen is colorless, odorless and tasteless in its gaseous form, and condenses to pale blue liquid and solid forms. Oxygen is a highly reactive element that promotes rapid combustion and is often used in industrial application.

Application Notes

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