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Erbium

Erbium • Lanthanide Rare Earth

Primary XPS region: Er4d
Overlapping regions: Si2s plasmons
Binding energies of common chemical states:

Chemical state Binding energy Er4d
Er metal 167.5 eV
Er native oxide ~170 eV

Native oxide charge referenced to adventitious C1s peak at 284.8eV

Experimental Information

N/A

Interpretation of XPS spectra