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Curium

crystal structureCurium • Actinide Rare Earth

Symbol: Cm
Date of Discovery: 1944
Name Origin: Pierre & Marie Curie
Appearance: unknown
Discoverer: G.T. Seaborg
Obtained From: man-made

Melting Point: 1613 K
Boiling Point: 3383 K
Density[kg/m3]: 13510
Molar Volume: 18.05 × 10-6 m3/mol
Protons/Electrons: 96
Neutrons: 151
Shell Structure: 2,8,18,32,25,9,2
Electron Configuration: [Rn]5f76d17s2
Oxidation State: 3
Crystal Structure: hexagonal

Although second in the series of the transuranium elements, curium was actually the third element in the series to be discovered. The element was first synthesized in 1944 and made in its elemental
form for the first time in 1951. There are very few commercial applications for curium, but in the future it may be useful in radioisotope thermoelectric generators. The isotope curium-242 can generate about 2 watts of thermal energy per gram and is used in pacemakers, remote navigational buoys, and in space missions. If curium enters the body it can be very destructive because it accumulates in bone tissue, which then destroys bone marrow and stops red cell formation. The element is named after the spouses Marie and Pierre Currie, who are recognized for discovering radium.

 



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