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crystal structureAntimony • Metalloid

Primary XPS region: Sb3d
Overlapping regions: O1s
Binding energies of common chemical states:

Chemical state Binding energy Sb3d5/2/eV
Sb metal 528.3
Sb2O3 529.9 eV
Sb2O5 530.9
SbF3 531.7

Experimental Information

Interpretation of XPS spectra

General comments



About This Element

Symbol: Sb
Date of Discovery: ancient times
Name Origin: Greek anti & monos
Appearance: bluish
Discoverer: not known
Obtained From: stibnite, valentinite

Melting Point: 903.78 K
Boiling Point: 1860 K
Density[kg/m3]: 6697
Molar Volume: 18.19 × 10-6 m3/mol
Protons/Electrons: 51
Neutrons: 71
Shell Structure: 2,8,18,18,5
Electron Configuration: [Kr]4d105s25p3
Oxidation State: ±1
Crystal Structure: Rhombohedral

Antimony is used to harden other metals. In particular, it is widely used to harden lead for batteries. This semiconductor is also used to produce diodes and infrared detectors. Antimony trioxide is used in flame retardant substances such as aircraft and automobile seat covers along with clothing and toys for children. The sulfide of antimony, stibnite, was used as medicine and cosmetics during Biblical times. The name for stibnite was passed on to the Greeks and eventually gave rise to the Latin term stibium. Jacob Berzelius, inventor of modern chemical notation, used Sb as an abbreviation for antimony in his writings, and this became its elemental symbol.

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